The Ricoh Group considers that "compliance" includes observance of not only laws and regulations, but also company rules and social ethics. Therefore, the Ricoh Group provides thorough instruction of "Ricoh Group CSR Charter", which provides the principles of Ricoh Group's corporate behaviors, and "Ricoh Group Code of Conduct", which indicates behavioral principle of directors and employees of the Ricoh Group. Every member of the Group is concerned to ensure all employees observe the principles in their daily activities.
In Japan, the Ricoh Group provides all of its directors and employees with the education on the Code of Conduct via e-learning programs every year. The content of the education includes, confirmation of each provision of the Code of Conduct, as well as other topics relating to the enforcement of laws and regulations as priority issues with actual case examples. So far, topics such as, "Banning participation in anti-social actions", "Limits on entertainment and gifts", "Banning insider trading" have been featured.
When the study is completed, a test to check the level of understanding of the education, a compliance awareness survey is conducted. At the end, each person sign a pledge to confirm that he or she understood and will observe the Code of Conduct.
The overseas Ricoh Group companies are also providing education tailored to each country's laws and customs and the forms of local operation.
Integrated internal audit (J-SOX* audit, accounting audit, business audit, etc.) is conducted for the purpose of securing credibility of financial reports, improvement of operational efficiency, confirmation of the observation of the laws and regulations, etc. The implementation of compliance within each company and each department is also verified within the integrated internal audit.
Since April, 2003, the Ricoh Group has established "Ricoh Group Hotline," which is made available to all directors, employees, part-timers and temporary staff in Japan as a contact for whistle-blowing and consultation regarding violations of compliance. This contact is set up not only internally but also externally, thereby enabling contact by various means, including telephone calls, e-mails, websites, letters, etc. In any case, the numbers and addresses for exclusive lines has been set up to provide protection for the security of details of the consultation. Furthermore, a ban on unfavorable treatment of whistle-blower for the act of whistle-blowing or consultation itself, but also a ban on retaliatory actions against them have been established to protect whistle-blowers. The reception hours are being reviewed in order to make it more accessible to consult, for instance, night-time and holidays are added to regular work hours for telephone calls, and 24 hours for contact by e-mails and website. The Group standard on whistle-blowing system was established by including these details, and is now applied.
The content of whistle-blowing and consultations are reported to the top management periodically, for the horizontal spread of improvement of problems and preventive measures of the Ricoh Group as a whole.
In addition to "Ricoh Group Hotline", major companies in Japan and in overseas have established their own contact for whistle-blowing and consultation according to their organizational and regional characteristics.
As mentioned in "Risk Management" the risks relating to violations of compliance was set up as part of the risk management items which may exert a significant influence on the group's business (operation), the risk management is carried out, with focus on preventive measures on one hand, and rapid response in the event of an outbreak of a risk on the other.
"The Ricoh Group Code of Conduct" provides for the global basic policy and specific actions, while the Group standards and Guidelines provide for items that call for further responses.
The following shows examples of responses to some of the compliance related risks.
The Ricoh Group established RGS, "Ricoh Group Standard for Bribery Prevention" in compliance with " 5. Limits on entertainment and gifts," and" 6. Doing business with public bodies and making political contributions," stipulated in "Ricoh Group Code of Conduct."
This standard sets out procedures aimed at the prevention of acts of bribery and to ensure compliance with laws and regulations prohibiting corruption and bribery such as the US Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) and the UK Bribery Act 2010, that are applied in any of the countries and regions in which the Ricoh Group operates business, and thus facilitates the bribery prevention of Ricoh Group companies and all of their directors and employees.
At the same time, the Ricoh Group established "Ricoh Group Bribery Prevention Guidelines for Third Parties" as well, in order to prevent bribery by third parties (*) of the Ricoh Group, by informing the Ricoh Group's policy of bribery prevention.
In addition to the education of the Code of Conduct, the Ricoh Group has been conducting education about bribery prevention in accordance with the necessity of each region, attempting to familiarize the problems and taking preventive measures. In the United States and United Kingdom, in order to address the US Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (FCPA) and the UK Bribery Act 2010, the policy on bribery prevention and entertainment and gifts was established respectively in 2011, and the education is being provided as well.
Furthermore, in order to respond appropriately to the laws for the prevention of illegal transactions by corporations, we have been cooperating with subject matter experts such as lawyers in order to prevent any in appropriate behavior.
Preventive measures are being taken, for instance, guidebooks that provide the roles of responsible departments and daily behavioral norms are established in the RGS, and articles regarding the exclusion of organized crime are incorporated in various agreements with the third parties, etc.
As a company, in cooperation with the police, corporate lawyers and other external organizations, the Ricoh Group has established a framework to response timely and appropriately towards the contact from anti-social forces.
Because of the fact that the Group Headquarters is located in Japan, the possibility of insider trading is higher than in other regions. Thus, in Japan, education by e-learning program is provided and specific rules are established in the RGS.
In the RGS, as one of the measures to prevent insider trading with respect to the trading of stocks of listed companies of the Ricoh Group, the rule for in-advance application is established. For instance, the periods prior to stockholders' meetings or before the release of the business results, insider information is most likely to rises. Thus, these periods are designated as lock-up i.e. a closed period, for the concerned parties of the Ricoh Group, such as directors, employees, part-timers and temporary staff.
The Ricoh Group defines the basic standards in accordance by which its officers and employees are required to act when engaging in corporate activities as the Ricoh Group Code of Conduct. The Code provides that "Activities shall always be based on national and regional laws, properly understood, and strictly obeyed." as one of the basic attitudes, and we also apply this concept to tax payments.
The Ricoh Group establishes the basic principles on the price setting and the contractual coverage of intragroup transactions to facilitate more rational and consistent transactions.
The calculation of international intergroup transaction prices is in principle based on the arm's length principle.
The Ricoh Group aims to increase the certainty of tax practices by responding to tax authorities in good faith.
Considering that introducing the International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS), the world standard of accounting base, and standardizing the accounting base within the Group will contribute to improving the accuracy of the Group's corporate management, the Ricoh Group has applied the IFRS on a voluntarily basis since the year-end settlement of accounts ending March 2014.
The Ricoh Group prepares Securities Reports in accordance with the IFRS and the Financial Instruments and Exchange Act of Japan, which are disclosed via the Electronic Disclosure for Investors' NETwork (EDINET)*.
The Securities Reports can be read on the company's Website both in Japanese and English.
In the Securities Reports, matters regarding tax practices, including the breakdown of deferred tax assets and liabilities, are shown according to the relevant laws and rules.