Voltage Regulator Application Note

Various protection circuits are built into Ricoh voltage regulators.

Auto-discharge Function

When using a capacitor with large capacity value in VOUT side, the VOUT pin voltage might not immediately fall to the ground level when the CE pin is switched from the active mode to the standby mode. By adding N-channel transistor to the output circuit (shown in blue circles in the diagram below), the auto-discharge function quickly lowers the VOUT to the ground level by releasing the electrical charge accumulated in the external capacitor.
This auto-discharge function can be combined with the system shutdown sequence.

 

During Operation

When the CE pin is in the active mode, the voltage regulator is operating. The P-channel transistor circled in light blue is ON. The N-channel transistor circled in blue that provides the Auto-discharge function is OFF.

During Standby

When the CE pin is in the disable mode, the voltage regulator is in the standby mode. When in standby mode the P-channel transistor circled in light blue turns OFF and stops the voltage regulator output from the VOUT pin. The N-channel transistor circled in blue that provides the auto-discharge function turns ON and the charge in the output capacitor connected to the VOUT pin is rapidly discharged to the ground pin. It is called the "Auto-discharge function".

 

Illustrations of Typical Output with/without the Auto-discharge functions

  • As shown in the figure on the left, the capacitor which is connected to the VOUT pin is discharged in 2.73s without the Auto-discharge function, whereas it is discharged in 126µs with the function.
  • This Auto-discharge function ensures that output rapidly drops when the regulator enters standby mode, but it also effectively prevents system malfunctions that might occur by the capacitance of the output capacitor connected to the VOUT pin.

 
  • *1) Products available for automotive applications only.
*How to define which products have an Auto-discharge function from the Product Name
  • Single voltage regulator (Low Drop Out) regulator products include an Auto-discharge function if the 10th character of product name is a "D".
    (Example : R1114N281D-TR-F, RP103K281D-TR)
  • Multi voltage regulator (Low Drop Out) regulator products include an Auto-discharge function if the 10th character of product name is a "B".
    (Example : RP152N010B-TR-FE, RP150K001B-TR)

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